End in sight?

Syria weapons deal averts U.S. military move for now.
Associated Press
Sep 14, 2013

A diplomatic breakthrough Saturday on securing and destroying Syria's chemical weapons stockpile averted the threat of U.S. military action for the moment and could swing momentum toward ending a horrific civil war.

Marathon negotiations between U.S. and Russian diplomats at a Geneva hotel produced a sweeping agreement that will require one of the most ambitious arms-control efforts in history.

The deal involves making an inventory and seizing all components of Syria's chemical weapons program and imposing penalties if President Bashar Assad's government fails to comply will the terms.

After days of intense day-and-night negotiations between U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and their teams, the two powers announced they had a framework for ridding the world of Syria's chemicals weapons.

The U.S. says Assad used them in an Aug. 21 attack on the outskirts of Damascus, the capital, killing more than 1,400 civilians. That prompted President Barack Obama to ready American airstrikes on his order — until he decided last weekend to ask for authorization from the U.S. Congress. Then came the Russian proposal, and Obama asked Congress, already largely opposed to military intervention, to delay a vote.

Kerry and Lavrov said they agreed on the size of the chemical weapons inventory, and on a speedy timetable and measures for Assad to do away with the toxic agents.

But Syria, a Moscow ally, kept silent on the development, while Obama made clear that "if diplomacy fails, the United States remains prepared to act."

The deal offers the potential for reviving international peace talks to end a civil war that has claimed more than 100,000 lives and sent 2 million refugees fleeing for safety, and now threatens the stability of the entire Mideast.

Kerry and Lavrov, along with the U.N.-Arab League envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, said the chances for a follow-up peace conference in Geneva to the one held in June 2012 would depend largely on the weapons deal.

The U.S. and Russia are giving Syria just one week, until Sept. 21, to submit "a comprehensive listing, including names, types and quantities of its chemical weapons agents, types of munitions, and location and form of storage, production, and research and development facilities."

International inspectors are to be on the ground in Syria by November. During that month, they are to complete their initial assessment and all mixing and filling equipment for chemical weapons is to be destroyed. They must be given "immediate and unfettered" access to inspect all sites.

All components of the chemical weapons program are to be removed from the country or destroyed by mid-2014.

"Ensuring that a dictator's wanton use of chemical weapons never again comes to pass, we believe is worth pursuing and achieving," Kerry said.

For the moment, the deal may not do much to change the fighting on the ground. But the impasse in the international community over how to react could ease somewhat with the U.S. and Russia also agreeing to immediately press for a U.N. Security Council resolution that enshrines the weapons deal.

They will seek a resolution under Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, which can authorize both the use of force and nonmilitary measures.

But Russia, which already has rejected three resolutions on Syria, would be sure to veto a U.N. move toward military action, and U.S. officials said they did not contemplate seeking such an authorization.

"The world will now expect the Assad regime to live up to its public commitments," Kerry told a news conference at the hotel where round-the-clock negotiations were conducted since Thursday night. "There can be no games, no room for avoidance or anything less than full compliance by the Assad regime."

Kerry and Lavrov emphasized that the deal sends a strong message not just to Syria but to the world, too, that the use of chemical weapons will not be tolerated.

Lavrov added, cautiously, "We understand that the decisions we have reached today are only the beginning of the road."

U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss details of the negotiations, said the U.S. and Russia agreed that Syria had roughly 1,000 metric tons of chemical weapons agents and precursors, including blister agents, such as sulfur and mustard gas and nerve agents like sarin.

These officials said the two sides did not agree on the number of chemical weapons sites in Syria.

U.S. intelligence believes Syria has about 45 sites associated with chemicals weapons, half of which have "exploitable quantities" of material that could be used in munitions. The Russian estimate is considerably lower; the officials would not say by how much.

U.S. intelligence agencies believe all the stocks remain in government control, the officials said.

Noncompliance by the Assad government or any other party would be referred to the 15-nation Security Council by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. That group oversees the Chemical Weapons Convention, which Syria this past week agreed to join. The U.N. received Syria's formal notification Saturday and it would be effect Oct. 14.

The weapons group's director-general, Ahmet Uzumcu, spoke of adopting "necessary measures" to put in place "an accelerated program to verify the complete destruction" of Syria's chemical weapons, production facilities and "other relevant capabilities."

The U.S. and Russia are two of the five permanent Security Council members with a veto. The others are Britain, China, and France.

"There is an agreement between Russia and the United States that non-compliance is going to be held accountable within the Security Council under Chapter 7," Kerry said. "What remedy is chosen is subject to the debate within the council, which is always true. But there's a commitment to impose measures."

Lavrov indicated there would be limits to using such a resolution.

"Any violations of procedures ... would be looked at by the Security Council and if they are approved, the Security Council would take the required measures, concrete measures," Lavrov said. "Nothing is said about the use of force or about any automatic sanctions."

Kerry spoke of a commitment, in the event of Syrian noncompliance, to "impose measures commensurate with whatever is needed in terms of the accountability."

The agreement offers no specific penalties. Given that a thorough investigation of any allegation of noncompliance is required before any possible action, Moscow could drag out the process or veto measures it deems too harsh.

Kerry stressed that the U.S. believes the threat of force is necessary to back the diplomacy, and U.S. officials have Obama retains the right to launch military strikes without U.N. approval to protect American national security interests.

"I have no doubt that the combination of the threat of force and the willingness to pursue diplomacy helped to bring us to this moment," Kerry said.

But a leading U.S. senator expressed concerns that without the threat of force, it's not clear "how Syrian compliance will be possible under the terms of any agreement."

Republican lawmaker Bob Corker of Tennessee said Syria's "willingness to follow through is very much an open question" and he did not want the negotiations to signal a "retreat from our broader national interests," including support for "moderate" opposition forces in Syria.

U.N. inspectors were preparing to submit their own report. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Friday that he expected "an overwhelming report" that chemical weapons were indeed used on the outskirts of Damascus on Aug. 21.

A U.N. statement said Ban hoped the agreement will prevent further use of such weapons and "help pave the path for a political solution to stop the appalling suffering inflicted on the Syrian people."

Britain's foreign secretary, William Hague, said Saturday's development was "a significant step forward." Germany believes that "if deeds now follow the words, the chances of a political solution will rise significantly," Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle said.

The commander of the Free Syrian Army rebel group, Gen. Salim Idris, said in Turkey that the Russian initiative would "buy time" and that rebels will continue "fighting the regime and work for bringing it down."

He said that if international inspectors come to Syria in order to inspect chemical weapons, "we will facilitate their passages but there will be no cease-fire." The FSA will not block the work of U.N. inspectors, he said, and the "inspectors will not be subjected to rebel fire when they are in regime-controlled areas."

Idris said Kerry told him by telephone that "the alternative of military strikes is still on the table."

 

Comments

From the Grave

Stop sending them Levis.

Contango

Been reading that Syria is moving it's chem weapons around.

Reads like Sec'y of State Lurch and the CIA Sock Puppet are gettin' played.

I'll bet the Campaigner-in-Chief kinda wishes that he hadn't made that "a red line for us" comment one yr. ago.

The Big Dog's back

Your Comrade Putin is in charge of this pooh.

Contango

Re: "Your,"

Typical dumbed-down nonsense.

YOUR GQ CIC (bleeped) this up from the beginning putz.

http://www.google.com/imgres?img...

"Israeli officials had expressed dismay in private about U.S. President Barack Obama's handling of the Syria crisis, fearful possible failure to follow through with threatened military action would embolden Iran."

http://www.reuters.com/article/2...

deertracker

What exactly do some of you think the "red line" comment meant? Did you really think he was just going to go all W and just start bombing? Shock and awe? What? These are not kids on a playground. Instead of praising Putin for defending a brutal dictator that kills innocent men, women, and children in their sleep, put yourself in a Syrian's shoes. I think our President has handled this perfectly and his goal will eventual be met. No need to send bombs if there is a way to get the desired result without sending bombs. Great job Mr. President and thank you for respecting the will of the American people!

The Big Dog's back

Absolutely!

JudgeMeNot

If you love me,let me sell yo food stamps an keep the profit.

deertracker

LAME!!!!!!!!!

Contango

Re: "I think our President has handled this perfectly"

Looks more like a case of the Incompetent-in-Chief once again 'leading from behind.'

Good thing that Pres. Putin came up with the idea for him to help him save whatever shred of credibility he has left eh?

It's sad for America that Pres. Obama has allowed U.S. foreign policy to be highjacked and dictated by the Kremlin.

Probably time for another round of golf for BHO?

thinkagain

Give it a rest already will ya? It’s not even history yet and the feeble minded, Obama sycophants are making a futile attempt at revisionism. No matter how big the lie, Obackpedal’s virulent malignant narcissism knows no bounds.

Darwin's choice

"his goal will eventual be met"

Which "goal" would that be deertracker?

Sam

The ex KGB Colonel made a fool of the Community Organizer.

Contango

Re: "Community Organizer."

Hey! Don't sell him short.

Remember, he's also 'supposedly' a former "Constitutional law professor," who STRANGELY never produced one scholarly research paper on the subject EVER!

Sam

The Syrians accepted the Russian deal when they were told otherwise they would have to accept Obamacare.

JudgeMeNot

Putin: Even if you outscored me in basketball, I could still kick your a$$.....you just wish you had my perfect pectorals.
Obama: I still have the Nobel Peace prize.

deertracker

LAME!!!!!!!

rottnrog

Funny how the right wing wackos who were accusing Obama of being a warmonger a week ago are now on him for not bombing Syria !!

And they claim there is no prejudice !!! LMAO

Contango

Re: "accusing Obama of being a warmonger a week ago are now on him for not bombing Syria !!"

IMO, he's so (beeping) confused that he's lucky if he can find the WH bathroom without CIA direction.

rottnrog

Sounds like you right wingers are the ones who are confused! You are so prejudiced that you change your views every week to not agree with the POTUS !!!!!

Contango

Re: "you change your views,"

IMO, if the Israelis have not taken sides in the Syrian civil war, the CIA Sock Puppet should have never opened his yap.

Have another ice cold glass of Obama brand Kool-aid and relax, BHO is in charge. :)

deertracker

@ rot
Agreed!

arnmcrmn

Obama is 50% white....46% Arabic and 4% Black......so we are racist against a white guy?

coasterfan

Have to chuckle that the same locals who complained last week that Obama was leading us into war are now complaining when an attack has been averted. If Obama suddenly adopted every platform of the archaic Republican Party, they would suddenly be vehemently against him on those issues. It's basically a pathological hatred of Obama that works entirely independently of fact. How else to explain the fact that they have a completely different recollection of the recent history that we all lived through? Life inside the Fox bubble...

Contango

Re: "Obama was leading us into war are now complaining when an attack has been averted."

Seems like a few Dems wanted to send a message to Iran & N. Korea.

What message is the Nobel Prize winner sending to 'em?

http://www.washingtontimes.com/n...

"Institute: North Korea nuke reactor likely starting up again"

http://www.messenger-inquirer.co...

Contango

Re: "It's basically a pathological hatred of Obama that works entirely independently (sic) of fact."

An antithetical statement can also be made Teach.

It's basically a slavish love of Obama that works entirely independent of fact.

Contango

@ coasterfan:

Were you a red diaper baby?

deertracker

@coaster
AMAZING isn't it?

bondgirlM

I want to know what in the world has happened to Kerry's face...BOTOX????

The Big Dog's back

Like Bill Maher said, it's called BLACKTRACK.
blacktrack- the act of changing one's mind because President Obama agrees with you.

http://www.mediaite.com/tv/bill-...

Contango

Re: "Bill Maher,"

THAT'S your 'authoritative' source you PDB? LMAO!!!

You, coasterfan and other lefty imbeciles get told what to think by that HBO *ss clown and the Comedy Channel.

Pages